Other rituals in Denmark

mazeFor the sake of completeness (see this) I should also mention that the Danish Order of Freemasons (DDFO) is not the only Masonic organisation, and as such there are other rituals (than Swedish Rite) being practised. Sorry if this gets a little convoluted – the simple answer is this: 80% of freemasons in Denmark are members of DDFO, working Swedish Rite; 15% work something similar to Emulation, under the auspices of DDFO, and are as such regular; and then there’s about 5% doing their own thing.

Recognised by Grand Lodge

DDFO has under its umbrella two masonic organisations, each signified by their ritual. I am personally very glad that Denmark is able to offer universal craft freemasonry to potential candidates of any faith.

Schröder’s ritual: This ritual was created by German actor and dramatist Friedrich, Ludwig Ulrich Schröder, ca. 1800. It made its way to Denmark in 1900, and today it is used in three lodges under The Union of St. John’s Lodges.

Ritual for the Danish Craft: This working, used by The Ancient Fraternity of Free and Accepted Masons of Denmark, was introduced in the early 1990s, replacing the Ritus Hauniensis (qv.). It was first presented to me as Emulation, but it has actually been modified from the source and today stands as its own, unique working. There are approximately 40 lodges under the Fraternity of F&AM.

Masters from these two organisations can join the Swedish Rite and avail themselves of its higher degrees, if they are Christian. No other high degrees are currently allowed by DDFO.


A number of lodges exist which are not recognised by Grand Lodge (DDFO) and offer other rituals. I make no judgement on their work or their regularity – and I can only base my comments on their own descriptions.

Ritus Hauniensis: This “Copenhagen ritual” is used by the Grand Lodge of Denmark (an “alternative” GL) and Danish Free and Independent Masons – a total of three lodges. It was created by Grunddal Sjallung in the 1920s. It is based on Emulation but contains elements of French and German origin. It is by all accounts quite impressive. It was practised by The Fraternity of F&AM until the early 1990s.

Scottish rite (1): The three lodges of Le Droit Humain use this system of 33 degrees. They have also included Mark Master and Royal Arch. (2): The two women’s lodges, Freja and Lilium, practise a different form of the Scottish rite (craft degrees only – they must go to Belgium to get the higher degrees). (3) There is even a Scottish Rite Grand Orient, in which the members of the “alternative” GL can persue the higher degrees.

Unknown: An independent lodge, The Order of the Circle, in Copenhagen has a ritual that is simply described as “English in origin”, but they have not elaborate when asked.

Swedish Rite: There is actually also an independent Swedish Rite, which broke away from the Order of the Circle: The Order of St. Andrew. They work the St. John’s and St. Andrew’s degrees, but not Chapter.

Picture by Gerard79, from stock.xchng

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